Melasma is a very common skin condition that causes brown to gray-brown patches/spots on the face due to the overproduction of the pigment called melanocytes present in the skin.
Melasma generally results from sun exposure and hormonal changes in females due to progesterone and estrogen hormones. It can also occur during pregnancy and is often referred to as the “mask of pregnancy”.
If you have melasma, here are some valuable tips for achieving a more even skin tone:
Wear Sunscreen Daily
Sun exposure is one of the main causes of melasma and one of the most common treatments for melasma is proper sun protection.
And since sunlight gives rise to melasma, it is crucial to wear sunscreen every day, even on cloudy days and after swimming or sweating for effective sun protection.
Go for a sunscreen that gives wide-spectrum protection, a Sun Protection Factor (SPF) of 30 or even higher. And zinc oxide or titanium dioxide to physically limit the impact of the sun’s rays on your skin.
Use sunscreen 15 minutes prior to going outside and reapply at least every two hours daily.
Wear Hat & Sunglasses When You’re Outside
Sunscreen alone may not give you the best sun protection your skin needs. So whenever possible, look for shade and wear protective clothing in addition to applying sunscreen whenever you go outside.
Pick Gentle Skin Care Products
Use skin care products that do not sting or burn, as products that hurt the skin may worsen melasma even more.
Waxing can lead to skin irritation which may worsen melasma, so it is essential to avoid waxing areas of the body affected by melasma.
Common Treatment Options May Include
But in case your melasma does not go away then you should see a dermatologist and discuss effective treatments for melasma, such as prescription medications or in-office process.
Here are some of the most common treatment options for melasma:
Hydroquinone: Hydroquinone is a very popular skin-lightening agent that can be found in creams, lotions, gels, or even liquids.
One of the best creams in which this ingredient can be found is in tri luma, and you can buy tri luma as an OTC medication or even online without a prescription.
Tretinoin And Corticosteroids: These medicines can improve the skin lightening process when combined with hydroquinone. Several medications may contain three compounds—hydroquinone, tretinoin, and a corticosteroid—which are then called a “triple cream” medication.
Other Topical Medications: There are many topical medicines for melasma which may include skin-lighteners like azelaic acid or kojic acid.
Ultimately, melasma may not be totally preventable even with the best skincare and precautions. But in the great majority of cases, efforts to prevent it or cure it are effective at keeping those annoying spots away!